Caltha officinalis. Golds. Ruddes. Mary Gowles. Oculus Christi. Pot Marigold. Marygold. Fiore d'ogni mese. Solis Sponsa.
Scientific Name: Calendula officinalis L.
Presumably native to the Mediterranean region. Distribution now practically world-wide.
Essential oil, saponins, carotinoids, xanthophylls, bitter compounds, mucilage, flavonoids.
This easy-to-grow annual medicinal herb, which can reach a height of 70 cm, delights us with its flowers from June to well into October. The roughly hairy, sturdy stems are crowned with bright orange or yellow flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter, which are visible from afar and light up the garden like little suns. The dry fruits, which we know as the seeds, come in various ringlet-like shapes from crescents to little hooks. In fact, it is these fruits, and not the flowers or the leaves, that give the plant its German name Ringelblume – ringlet flower.
The astrologically oriented botanist and physician Nicholas Culpepper (1616-1654) swore by Marigold as a remedy for fortifying the heart. In his "Vade-Mecum Botanicum" (1694) Samuel Müller also mentioned a host of ills for which Calendula was supposed to be a remedy. Today its main medicinal use is for wound healing in the form of ointments, essences, gels and oils for external application. It is one of the best wound healing herbs altogether and, on account of its anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties, is even used for the treatment of leg ulcers.
In skin care it is used particularly for injured, irritated, sensitive and inflamed skin. It profoundly influences the metabolism, regulates the blood circulation in the skin and increases the skin tone. Inflamed nipples, burns, bruises and sunburn are also treated with Marigold. On account of its reputed blood-cleansing properties it is also used in chronic eczema, boils, spots and adolescent acne.
Used internally as tea it has antispasmodic action and influences bile secretion and therefore helps the digestion.
The sun-like marigold follows the course of the sun with its flowers: they open at daybreak and close as soon as the sun goes down again. It was probably this calendar-like movement in time with the sun that led botanists to give it the scientific name Calendula, from the Latin calendae – the first of the month. Because of its odour, at the same time aromatic and reminiscent of decay, it became a symbol of redemption after death in Christian mythology. Its inexhaustible vegetative growth also caused it to become a symbol of eternal life and people often planted it on graves as funeral flower. In Mexico it is also considered a flower of death, believed to originate from the blood of the Indians slain by the Spanish conquerors. In the Middle Ages the golden-yellow flower, also called Solis Sponsa or bride of the sun, was dedicated to the Germanic goddess Freya, later to the Christian Mary, hence the name Marigold.
Plants which flower at the most important points in the course of the sun and whose shape resembles the sun have always been considered sacred. Other such plants are the Daisy, St. John'swort and Chicory. As magical plant Marigold was an essential part of any love charm. If a girl planted or sowed the "Niewelkblume" in the footprints of her loved one he would have to – whether he wanted to or not – come to her for ever. In Spain, too, sorcerers were convinced of its magical powers and always carried it with them as talisman.
The plant from another perspective
Lush growth and a sun-like character. These are the attributes we immediately associate with the Marigold. With almost rampant growth, during its short lifetime it takes over its surroundings, putting forth leaf after leaf and flower after flower untiringly, until the frost puts and end to its growth. The luxuriant growth of its leaves is crowned by the sun-like flower that warns it to show restraint. The flower thus finalises and brings order to what would otherwise only be rampant leafy growth. This vigorous growth is enveloped in an odour of decay as though the Marigold were in constant danger of losing itself in excessive growth.
The character of the Marigold thus resembles the injured tissue that reacts with inflammation and sloughs off festering dead tissue. Newly proliferating tissue has to be formed and subjected to an ordering principle. Marigold supports these processes particularly in poorly healing, inflamed wounds.
The plant in our products
In Dr.Hauschka skin care products Marigold is found where skin that is irritated or prone to inflammation needs to be soothed; for example in After Sun, Concealer, Daily Hydrating Eye Cream, Eye Balm, Revitalising Day Cream, Clarifying Toner, Clarifying Day Oil, Cleansing Cream, Lip Balm, Coverstick, Light reflecting Concealer, Revitalising Hair & Scalp Tonic, in Dr.Hauschka Med Labimint Acute Lip Care and Sage Mouthwash.
Marigold is also contained in WALA medicines used for treatment of inflamed wounds or inflammatory skin processes, for example in Acne Fluid*, Burns Lotion*, Cuts and Burns Jelly*, Mercurialis Healing Ointment*, Echinacea Mouth and Throat Spray*, Majorana Vaginal Gel* and Calendula Lotion*.
*Prescribing information for the preparations mentioned (the indications are derived from the anthroposophical understanding of man and nature):
Akne-Wasser (lotion for the treatment of acne)
Indications: Harmonisation of the sensitivity organisation in the skin in circumscribed purulent, inflammatory conditions, e.g. acne vulgaris, overactivity of the sebaceous glands (seborrhoea). Warning: Contains 15 % (v/v) alcohol.
Brandessenz (essence for the treatment of burns)
Indications: First and second degree burns and scalds, sunburn, allergic and hyperergic skin disorders (dermatoses), insect bites and stings, grazes and ulcers. Warning: Contains 23% (v/v) alcohol
Active ingredient: Calendula officinalis e floribus LA 20% Indications: Inflammatory conditions of the skin and underlying tissues in which there is a tendency to pus formation; wounds healing by secondary intention. Local treatment of wounds and superficial inflammation. Irrigation of wound cavities and inflamed mucous membranes. Warning: Contains 25% (v/v) alcohol
Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray (mouth and throat spray)
Indications: Harmonisation of the sensitivity organisation in the oropharyngeal region in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions of the mucous membranes and the tonsils and in patients with a lymphatic diathesis. Warning: As Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray contains sage, women who are breastfeeding should only use the product after consulting a doctor. Contains 18 % (v/v) alcohol.
Indications: Harmonisation of the constituent elements of the human being in inflammatory conditions of the female reproductive organs, e.g. inflammation of the vagina (vaginitis), inflammation of the vulva (vulvitis), non-specific vaginal discharge. Warning: Majorana Vaginal Gel should not be used together with latex condoms as it can cause the condoms to tear or become porous and their contraceptive action is therefore no longer ensured.
Mercurialis Salbe (ointment)
Indications: Harmonisation of the interaction between sensitivity organisation and life organisation in the skin and subcutis in chronic inflammatory processes, suppurating, poorly healing wounds, eczema. Warning: In rare cases arachis (peanut) oil and wool fat can cause local skin reactions (e.g. contact dermatitis).
Wund- und Brandgel (wound and burns gel)
Indications: First and second degree burns and scalds, sunburn, allergic and hyperergic skin disorders (dermatoses), insect bites and stings, grazes and ulcers. Warning: In the case of second degree burns (with blistering) in children evaluation by a doctor is necessary if the affected area is larger than the palm of the hand (1% of the body surface area).For information on risks and side-effects please read the pack insert and ask your doctor or pharmacist.